|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2022
|Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]|
6. Income taxes
The components of the Company’s income (loss) before provision for income taxes are as follows:
The provision for income taxes consists of the following:
The components of deferred tax assets and liabilities consist of the following:
Reconciliation of the federal statutory income tax rate to the effective income tax rate for the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020 is as follows:
The Company operates in several taxing jurisdictions, including U.S. federal, multiple U.S. states and the Netherlands. The statute of limitations has expired for all tax years prior to 2019 for federal and prior to 2016 for various state tax purposes. However, the net operating loss generated on the Company’s federal and state tax returns in prior years may be subject to adjustments by the federal and state tax authorities.
As of December 31, 2022, the Company had $84,362 and $40,194 of federal and state net operating loss carryforwards, respectively, and $76,566 of the total federal net operating loss carryforwards have an indefinite life while the remaining federal and state net operating loss carryforwards begin to expire in 2033 and 2028, respectively, if not utilized. As of December 31, 2022, the Company had federal and California research and development credit carryforward of $5,503 and $4,628, respectively. The federal credit will begin to expire in 2023; the California credit has indefinite carryforward. As of December 31, 2022, the Company had a federal foreign tax credit carryforward of $774. The federal credit will begin to expire in 2037.
Utilization of the Company’s net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards may be subject to annual limitations arising from ownership change limitations provided by the Internal Revenue Code and similar state provisions. Such annual limitations could result in the expiration of the net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards before their utilization.
The Company recognizes deferred tax assets to the extent it believes these assets are more likely than not to be realized. In making such a determination, the Company considers all available positive and negative evidence, including future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, projected future taxable income, tax-planning strategies, and results of recent operations. The amount of deferred tax assets considered realizable is subject to adjustment in future periods if estimates of future taxable income are reduced. As of December 31, 2021, the Company recorded a full valuation allowance of $17,423. As of December 31, 2022, the Company again determined that net deferred tax assets are not more likely than not realizable based on cumulative three-year pretax losses, projected future taxable losses primarily due to planned strategic investments in future periods, and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, including related supply chain impacts on parts availability and cost inflation. Accordingly, the Company recorded a valuation allowance of $41,933 as of December 31, 2022. The Company’s valuation allowance may increase or decrease during the next 12 months based on future operating results. The increase in valuation allowance of $24,510 is attributable to losses generated in the current year.
The Company recognizes interest and penalties on taxes, within its income tax provision on its consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.
Included in the balance of unrecognized tax benefits as of December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, were $2,366, $2,078 and $1,932, respectively, of tax benefits that, if recognized, would affect the effective tax rate. The Company believes that there will be no significant increases or decreases to unrecognized tax benefits within the next 12 months.
A reconciliation of the beginning and ending amount of unrecognized tax benefit is as follows:
On August 16, 2022, the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (IRA) was signed into law. The IRA contains a number of revisions to the Internal Revenue Code, including a 15% corporate minimum income tax and a 1% excise tax on corporate stock repurchases in tax years beginning after December 31, 2022. The Company evaluated the provisions of the IRA and identified no impact to the Company’s provision for income taxes, effective tax rate, unrecognized tax benefits or deferred income tax positions for the year ended December 31, 2022.
The entire disclosure for income taxes. Disclosures may include net deferred tax liability or asset recognized in an enterprise's statement of financial position, net change during the year in the total valuation allowance, approximate tax effect of each type of temporary difference and carryforward that gives rise to a significant portion of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets, utilization of a tax carryback, and tax uncertainties information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef